The 5 ways of attack

Single Direct Attack
– Commonly called SDA, this is nothing more than the shortest distance from weapon to target is a straight line.

Attack by Combination

– This is a sequence of two or more single attacks. They can be any combination, foot, fist, knee or whatever.

Attack by drawing

– In Attack by drawing you sucker the fellow in. You can do this by leaving an exposed target for him, or by moving so that he will respond in a certain manner, and so on.

Progressive Indirect Attack

– The fourth of the Five Ways of Attack is to move in a way that the opponent moves, and then shift your intention and attack along another line. For instance, a simple example of this would be to feint a punch to the face, and when the attacker raises his hands to block you punch him in the belly.Self defence Huddersfield

Hand Immobilisation Attack

– Attack by trapping. The idea is to slap your hands over or down, or somehow manipulate the opponent’s hands so they are trapped. You then take advantage of confusion, and usually superior positioning.

Filipino Martial Arts Seminar

Friday 11h we have a guest instructor Iain Wallace from Rapid Arnis. We’ll be working on Panantukan (Filipino dirty Boxing) and Dumog (standing grappling) also looking at some knife fighting applications. 7.30pm start a Urban Fitness & Combat in Huddersfieldwww.thefightlab.org

Nai Khanomtom

In the late eighteenth century, during one of the many wars between the Kingdom of Burma and the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya (in modern-day Thailand), a famed Thai boxer named Nai Khanomtom and several of his comrades were captured and held in Burma. After seven years of captivity, the Burmese king organized a festival. He wanted to see his Burmese boxers fared against the Thai boxers. Nai Khanomtom was chosen to represent the Thais against the Burmese champion. As is custom, Khanomtom opened the fight with his Wai Kru dance—this mystified the Burmese, who had never seen one before. He then brutally knocked out the Burmese champion. The Burmese thought the Wai Kru was some sort of black magic which had aided him, and the king ordered that he face more Burmese boxers. Man after man fell. The tenth Burmese boxer to face Khanomtom was a champion, but was mangled by Khanomtom’s kicks and was knocked out just as the previous nine had been. After seeing this, no Burmese fighter dared step into the ring with him. The Burmese king was impressed with Nai Khanomtom, and is believed to have said, “Every part of the Siamese is blessed with venom. Even with his bare hands, he can fell nine or ten opponents. But his Lord was incompetent and lost the country to the enemy. If he had been any good, there was no way the City of Ayutthaya would ever have fallen.” The Burmese king granted Nai Khanomtom his freedom along and his triumph is celebrated every year on March 17 in Thailand as National Muay Thai Day. However, the martial art that Khanomtom used was not called Muay Boran. There are several old styles that were developed in various regions of Thailand that are now lumped into the term Muay Boran (literally “Ancient Boxing”), such as Muay Chaiya, Muay Thasao, Muay Lopburi, and Muay Korat. But regardless on which regional variant it was, both have been driven to near-extinction due to the popularity of the stand up only ring sport we now know as Muay Thai (or, “Thai Boxing”).

Huddersfield, Ju-Jitsu, Jiu-Jitsu, Martial Arts, Kickboxing

Sak Yant – Muay Thai tattoos

Tattoos have always been a part of south Asian culture for protection or to record memorable moments, pains, successes, and loved ones. In Thailand many Buddhist monks have employed the “Sak Yant” tattoo method for religious purposes. People have been passing on the traditional method of thai tattoos for years, and it remains a huge part of Muay Thai.
Sak Yant tattoos are created for many reasons, the primary ones being religious and protective.

Within Muay Thai, it is said that these tattoos give the one superhuman strength, the ability to become quicker, and to protect them from evil spirits.  There is much meaning behind these tattoos other than beautiful symmetry, and it’s important to recognise the significance of getting a sak yant in Thai culture.

The Ritual Behind Sak Yant

The meaning of Sak Yant is simple; “Sak” means tattoo and “Yant” means magical symbol. In order to receive the blessings that typically power the tattoos, you will have to receive it from an Ajarn, or teacher in the art.


The Ajarn will determine what design needs to be placed on your skin, and he will also determine where on your body it should be placed. There are exceptions to this case, but traditional Sak Yant gives these choices strictly to the person transferring magical power into a recipient’s body.
When beginning the tattoo, an Ajarn will read your soul, determining what should be put onto your skin next. Sometimes he will ask questions, and sometimes this process could take up to an hour of observation before an Ajarn will figure out the best Sak Yant for you. It is believed that the soul resides within the head, and tattoos will have more power the closer they are to the crown of your head.
Everyone knows that tattoos can be painful, and the traditional Thai method is no exception. The Ajarn will take a large bamboo or metal rod, dip it into ink, and begin taking quick, calculated stabs to the recipient’s skin.


There are additional ingredients that have being known to be put into the ink in order for it to have its magical properties. Studies show that different recipes hold different ingredients, and can range from charcoal, herbs, and even snake venom.

After the design is finished, the ajarn performs a chanted sutra then blows the prayer into the skin to activate the tattoo’s powers. This is said to create a powerful force, bringing down the energy of the ajarn, his teachers, and the teachings of Buddha into the body.

“The sak yant tradition is not simply animism and Buddhism practiced side by side, but rather an integrated system of magic in which neither can exist without the other.” – Joe Cummings, author of Sacred Tattoos of Thailand

It can be considered insulting to get a fake Sak Yant by a novice, or normal tattoo artist. The ink and the person doing the tattoo will not be able to bless your Sak Yant and it will be powerless. Misrepresentation of these symbols has landed some people in jail, leading the Thai cultural minister to threaten banning tourists from getting religious tattoos altogether.

There is also a series of rules that you must obey if you wish to keep the power of the tattoo inside your body. “the tradition is also deeply entwined in the Buddhist moral code that the designs can lose their powers if a wearer errs from their spiritual path.

Huddersfield, Ju-Jitsu, Jiu-Jitsu, Martial Arts, Kickboxing

Muay Thai Clinch

The Muay Thai clinch is by far the hardest aspect of Muay Thai to learn. It is this form of grappling that sets Muay Thai apart from Kickboxing and K1 rules where clinching is only allowed momentarily..
Getting in a clinch with a very high level Muay Thai fighter, you will understand what it means to be completely dominated.

Arm Control

In clinch there are good positions, neutral positions and bad positions. If your opponent has two hands around your neck and has your head pulled down, that is obviously a bad position for you and a good position for your opponent. Most of the time when you clinch you will find yourself in a neutral position with one hand gripping your opponent’s neck and the other hand controlling their arm. The aim is to get the inside clinch. This enables you to have control over the neck and therefore the balance. In every clinching position you will find yourself battling for arm position and control. Good arm control gives you balance, and allows you to prevent your opponent’s arms, and can give you opportunities to sweep.

The key to clinching is trying to put yourself in a strong position so you can control your opponent. If you have a good grip on your opponent, you can off balance them when they try to sweep you, shift them when they try to knee you and put yourself in a good position to attack.

Balance and Body Position

Another important factor inside of the clinch is your balance and body positioning. Balance is the key to learning how to stay up on your feet.

One of the keys to staying balanced in the clinch is your body position. Keeping your hips square to your opponent’s hips will allow you to adjust your feet and shift your weight to prevent your opponent from sweeping you. Keeping you hip close to your opponent will minimise the possibility of taking a knee.

Knees Inside the Clinch

Knees are going to determine whether you are winning or losing inside of the clinch. Different knee strikes score different amount of points. If you throw side knees on your opponent, that will score less than an unblocked knee strike straight through the middle of your opponent’s abdomen.

You can either throw a knee when you are locked in the clinch or you can pull your opponent and throw a knee when they are off balanced. Your ability to throw good knee strikes at your opponent will be determined by your arm and body position.

Sweeps and Off Balancing Techniques

As a general rule of thumb, if you can sweep your opponent in the clinch then do it. Sweeps score the most points if you can get a clean throw without ending up on the ground yourself. A good sweep showcases dominance over your opponent inside of the clinch, something that judges are looking for.

Learning how to sweep your opponent is easy in practice, but harder in reality. When you are drilling with a partner it is easy to execute a sweep, however, when you have someone resisting and trying to stay on their feet it is a much bigger challenge.

While knowing how to perform a sweep is important, the key to sweeps is all about timing. Waiting for that right moment when your opponent is slightly off balanced and executing a sweep is a sure way to send them to the ground.

The key to a good sweep is to keep your hips close to your opponent and twist with your hips as you pull with your arm.

Sweeps are difficult to pull off, but are very rewarding if you can land them. There is nothing more satisfying than sending an opponent flying to the ground. It looks good to the judges, the crowds, and it feels even better.

Clinch Entry and Exit

The last important point I want to talk about is the entry into and out of the clinch.
If you want to enter the clinch, you need to get past your opponent’s kicks, punches and elbows to get inside the clinch. While skilled clinchers are very good at getting into the clinch, this is a skill in itself that takes practice to develop.
If you ever fight a good opponent they won’t let you simply walk into the clinch. You will need to cut off their angle and try and force yourself into the clinch. Often that means absorbing damage as you come forward. One of the reasons why some people have a hard time entering the clinch in a fight is because they never work on it in sparring.

Common Clinching Mistakes

Not Being Square to Your Opponent
If you don’t keep your hips and feet squared to your opponent, you can be thrown off balanced easily. This is why you need to create good habits from the start.

Trying to Knee When You Are Off Balanced

The best way to get swept in the clinch is to knee when you are not in a good balanced position. If you don’t have an establish arm position and you are not balanced, do not throw a knee. Only throw knees when you are locked in a good position or after you have thrown your opponent off balance.